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December 2017

Improving access to finance for SMEs in Tanzania: Learning from Malaysia’s experience

Djauhari Sitorus's picture

Également disponible en: English


Énigmatiques pour certains et source d’inspiration pour d’autres, les villes sont des moteurs de la croissance économique. À ce titre, elles sont le théâtre d’une urbanisation rapide, d’un essor des classes moyennes et d’une expansion démographique. Ces trois mégatendances exacerbent la dégradation de l’environnement mondial, mais ne constituent pourtant qu’une partie de l’immense défi que doivent relever les villes aujourd’hui.

Alors qu’elles consomment plus des deux tiers de l’énergie mondiale et qu’elles sont responsables de 70 % des émissions de dioxyde de carbone, les villes sont aussi très exposées aux effets du changement climatique. Quatorze des 19 plus grandes métropoles de la planète sont situées dans des zones portuaires. Avec l’élévation du niveau de la mer et l’intensification des tempêtes, elles vivent sous la menace de crues côtières, d’une détérioration de l’infrastructure et d’une interruption de leur approvisionnement en eau et en denrées alimentaires. Dans ces conditions, la satisfaction des besoins croissants de production et de consommation (denrées alimentaires, énergie, eau et infrastructure) des populations urbaines ne peut qu’aboutir à la sursaturation des écosystèmes ruraux et urbains.

Tunisia: Looking ahead or back to the future?

Antonius Verheijen's picture

I had the privilege recently to spend an unscheduled hour of discussion with a group of young Tunisians who were visiting our offices. As often, on these occasions it is hard not to get captured by the energy and impatience of the young people in this region. It gives hope that entrepreneurial spirit is really alive and well in a country where reliable private sector services remain otherwise hard to come by, let alone public ones. If one combines the energy of youth with the message in a recent (equally energetic) speech by the Minister of Development to a large group of investors, one gets a sense that Tunisia is, indeed, looking ahead and not to the past.

Yet, as always, reality is far more complex, and often we are confronted with a much gloomier picture of a country that is perceived as, economically, turning inward. This is the case even more so now, as Tunisia is coming under immense pressure to get its public finances in order. This has generated some decisions that go right against the message of openness and dynamism that one gets when meeting with young Tunisians. It all begs the question, for a newcomer like myself, which of the parallel universes is the real one, and, as in a movie, which one ultimately will prevail.

5 things you (probably) didn’t know about the EU’s “Lagging regions”

Thomas Farole's picture
Top 7 disruptive technologies for cities (Photos via Shutterstock)

Imagine you were working in development and poverty reduction in the early 1990s (I was!). Only one website existed in all the world in August 1991 (today there are over 1.5 billion). Mobile phones were expensive, rare, and clunky. Very few would anticipate a situation in which India would have more mobile phones than toilets.

To paraphrase Bill Gates: we tend to overestimate the changes that will happen in the short term and underestimate those in the long term. Technology is quietly but radically disrupting and transforming how cities deliver services to their citizens. It does that in a way that fundamentally alters not just the mode of delivery but its underlying economics and financing.

Here are the top 7 disruptive technologies revolutionizing service delivery in cities (in no particular order):

Watch the Growth of Trade country-level data availability in TCdata360

Reg Onglao's picture
In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s sprawling capital, Mulu Warsa has found a formal-sector job as a factory worker thanks to her high school education. In Niamey, a city at the heart of the Sahel region, Mohamed Boubacar is a young apprentice training to be a carpenter. And in Sagrosa, a village in Kenya’s remote Tana Delta district, Felix Roa, who works on a family farm and runs a small shop, dreams of a better life if he can find the money to expand the business and move to a more urban area. His family is too poor to support him through secondary school.
 

Getting to financial close on PPPs: Aligning transaction advisor payment terms with project success

Marc-André Roy's picture

The role of entrepreneurs in job creation has a long intellectual tradition (Cantillion 1730, Knight 1921, Schumpeter 1942). While the great economic minds throughout history recognized the link between entrepreneurship, regional development, and job creation, controversies remain. Our understanding of entrepreneurship is still at an early stage (Glaeser et al 2009, Klapper and Love 2011). How does one quantify entrepreneurship? Do young/small establishments or large/established firms contribute to job growth? Have manufacturing or service sectors created more jobs? What is the geographical scale at which entrepreneurial mechanics function? Why do some cities attract more entrepreneurs? Do agglomeration economies and networking differ across formal and informal sectors and industries, cities, and gender? What makes some local governments fiscally more entrepreneurial than others? These questions provide insights into job creation and they have rightly attracted the attention of researchers, but many of them remain unanswered.

Does Mobile Money Mobilize Savings? Yes. Guest Post by Alev Gurbuz

The growing availability of satellite imagery and analysis means that all kinds of things we used to think were hard to quantify, especially in conflict zones, can now be measured systematically.
 
For example, estimating ISIS oil production. Soon after it proclaimed itself the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (a.k.a. ISIL/ISIS, the Islamic State, or Daesh, its Arabic acronym), the group was quickly branded the richest terrorist organization in history and oil was believed to be its major revenue source. A typical headline in Foreign Policy proclaimed “The Islamic State is the Newest Petrostate.”

Challenges and opportunities of urbanization in India

Divya Gupta's picture

India’s leading urban thinkers and practitioners gathered earlier this month, on November 1, 2017, in New Delhi to discuss “Challenges and Opportunities of Urbanization in India,” at a Roundtable Discussion organized by the World Bank Group. The event was chaired by Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez, Senior Director, Global Practice for Urban, Social, Rural and Resilience, World Bank.


 
“India's urban trajectory will be globally important,” said Vasquez in opening remarks, underscoring the strong link between the country’s economic trajectory and how it urbanizes, particularly over the next two decades. “It’s progress on poverty elimination, efficiency and growth of the economy, health of urban residents, climate emissions will all have a very important bearing, not just for India, but globally.”

Lao PDR’s transition on the path to Universal Health Coverage

Somil Nagpal's picture
Ouvriers qui coulent du béton au Timor-Leste. © Alex Baluyut/Banque mondiale


Cette semaine, les pays du monde entier se réunissent au siège des Nations Unies à New York pour adopter les 17 Objectifs de développement durable (ODD) qui guideront les efforts mondiaux de développement jusqu’en 2030. Les ODD bénéficient d’un engagement actif et d’un appui massif de la part du Groupe de la Banque mondiale et des autres organisations multilatérales, mais ce sont les pays eux-mêmes qui en définissent le contenu.

Ce programme est à la fois ambitieux (le nombre d’objectifs a été multiplié par plus de deux par rapport aux 8 objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement, qui seront officiellement remplacés par les ODD à la fin de 2015) et plus complet que le précédent. Par exemple, le premier OMD visait à « mettre fin à l’extrême pauvreté et la faim d’ici 2015 ». Les ODD qui lui succèdent reprennent intégralement ces défis : « Éliminer la pauvreté sous toutes ses formes et partout dans le monde » (Objectif n° 1) et « Éliminer la faim, assurer la sécurité alimentaire, améliorer la nutrition et promouvoir l’agriculture durable » (Objectif n° 2). Et dans un monde où les « marchés émergents » englobent désormais des économies plus vastes que nombre de membres de l’Union européenne, les pays ont choisi de rendre ces objectifs universels, afin qu’ils s’appliquent autant aux nations les plus riches qu’aux plus pauvres de la planète.

Digital innovation brings development and humanitarian work closer together

Priya Chopra's picture
Matt Damon urges ministers to move aggressively toward water and sanitation for all.
Watch his full remarks: http://live.worldbank.org/water-and-sanitation



Last week, on April 20th, Matt Damon, co-founder of Water.org, addressed ministers of finance, water, and sanitation from across the world at the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Finance Ministers’ High Level Meeting at the 2017 World Bank-IMF Spring Meetings. The meeting focused on finding ways to fill the enormous financing gap via innovative financial solutions. Mr. Damon urged ministers to consider the full breadth of financing options to achieve the goal of providing safe, affordable, and sustainable water and sanitation for all.


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